US map showing all states highlighted.

A Comparison of Eye Movement Measures Across Reading Efficiency Quartile Groups in Elementary, Middle, and High School Students in the U.S.

Assessment | Upper Elementary School | Middle School | High School 

Summary of Findings:

This cross-sectional study examined eye movements during reading across grades in students with differing levels of reading efficiency. Eye movement recordings were obtained while students in grades 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 silently read normed grade-leveled texts with demonstrated comprehension. Comparisons indicated that students in higher reading rate quartiles made fewer fixations and regressions per word, and had shorter fixation durations. These indices of greater efficiency were also characteristic of students in upper as compared to lower grades, with two exceptions: (a) between grades 6 and 8, fixations and regressions increased while reading rates stagnated and fixation durations continued to decline, and (b) beyond grade 6, there was relatively little growth in the reading efficiency of students in the lower two reading rate quartiles.

"These present results shed light on some of the underlying difficulties that less efficient readers are facing.”

Study Profile

Type of Study: Cross-Sectional

Participants: N = 2,203

Measure: Visagraph

Authors: Alexandra N. Spichtig, Jeffrey P. Pascoe, John D. Ferrara, and Christian Vorstius

Publication: Journal of Eye Movement Research, Volume 10(4), 5, 2017